|1||Presentation of objectives, contents, bibliography, and evaluation.|
|2||Receiving freshmen. Completion of student records.|
|3||INTRODUCTION TO NEUROSCIENCES (NC) Instructions on completing the Atlas.|
|4||RESEARCH METHODS AND TECHNIQUES IN NC|
|5|| BASIC ASPECTS OF THE FUNCTIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM|
STRUCTURAL UNIT OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
Neurons: Morphology, classification, and functions. Neurons: Ultra-structure, cellular organelles.
|6||Neuroglia: types, locations, and functions. |
FRAMEWORK OF STRUCTURAL ASPECTS IN THE PHYSIOLOGICAL DYNAMICS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
|7||Notions of neurochemistry and neurophysiology. Excitability and transmission of nerve impulse. Nervous impulse and saltatory conduction in nerves.|
|8||Information integration: excitatory post-synaptic potentials; inhibitory post-synaptic potentials; the sum of stimuli. Input and output of information: sensory and potential stimuli of action; Nerve impulses and movement. Nerve impulse conduction. |
SYNAPSES, LEARNING, AND MEMORY
Learning and alterations in the release of neurotransmitters. Learning and synapse changes. Associative learning and long-term potentiation. Learning and formation or loss of synapses. Nerve impulse conduction and the role of synapses. Chemical messages (the structure of the synapse). Stages of neurotransmission.
|9||Nerve impulse conduction and the role of synapses. Chemical messages (the structure of the synapse). Stages of neurotransmission.|
|10|| Types of synapses. |
Small molecule neurotransmitters: Amines (noradrenaline, adrenaline, serotonin, and dopamine); Acetylcholine and Amino acids (glutamate, GABA, glycine, and histamine).
|11||Transmitting peptides: Opioids (enkephalin, endorphins, dynorphin); neurohypophyseal (vasopressin and oxytocin); secretin (substance P, VIP, and neuropeptide Y); insulin and transmitting gases (e.g., nitric oxide and carbon monoxide).|
|12||ENDOCRINE SYSTEM AND BEHAVIOR|
Hierarchical control of the endocrine glands. Endocrine glands and hormones and function in behavior
|13|| NEUROANATOMY OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND PAPER IN BEHAVIOR|
Anatomical references: orientations in relation to the head, orientations in relation to the body. Body plans. Neuroprotective structures and energy supply.
|14||Central nervous system|
Brain: Brain stem. Hindbrain (medulla oblongata, protuberance, and cerebellum)
|15||Central nervous system|
Mesencephalon (cerebral peduncles and tectum).
|16||Central nervous system|
Diencephalon (thalamus, hypothalamus and pituitary).
|17||Central nervous system|
Cortex (anatomical divisions).
|18||Central nervous system|
Cortex (functional neuroranatomy).
|19||1st Evaluation Test. Analysis of test scores.|
|20||Central nervous system|
Limbic system. Basal ganglia.
|21|| Central nervous system|
Spinal cord. Medullary areas; Law of Bell and Magendie; spinal cord protection and functions
Peripheral nervous system
Somatic nervous system. Cranial and spinal nerves.
|22|| Peripheral nervous system|
Autonomous nervous system. Sympathetic, parasympathetic, and enteric nervous system.
|24||ELEMENTS OF NEUROGENETICS AND INITIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE BRAIN Initial development of the brain. The origin of neurons and neuroglia. Neurotrophic factors. Growth and development of neurons (stages).|
|25||SENSORY AND MOTOR SYSTEMS|
Light: stimulus to vision.
Eye: mechanics and anatomy.
Fotorrecetores and retinal neurons: neural transduction.
Visual pathways and visual branches and occipital cortex.
|26||Auditory and vestibular system|
The sound: mechanical stimulus.
Ear: The outer, middle and inner ear.
Cochlear neurons and neuronal transduction.
Auditory pathways and temporal cortex.
|27|| Olfactory and gustatory system|
Smell and taste: chemical stimuli.
Neurons and transduction; pathways and temporo-frontal cortex.
|28|| Somatosensory system|
The pressure: mechanical stimulus.
The skin and its constituents.
Skin receptors and neuronal transduction.
Somatosensory pathways and parietal cortex
|29|| Motor system|
Spinal movement control.
brain movement control.
|30||2nd Evaluation Test. Analysis of test scores.|